What is Metacognition?
Metacognition is an individual’s knowledge of their own cognitive processes and their ability to control these processes by organizing, monitoring and modifying them as a function of learning. It refers to the ability to reflect upon the task demand and independently select and employ the appropriate reading, writing, math or learning strategy.
Why is Metacognition Important?
Metacognition is an important aspect of student learning. It involves self regulation, reflection upon an individual’s performance strengths, weaknesses, learning and study strategies. Metacognition is the foundation upon which students become independent readers and writers. It also underlies student’s abilities to generalize math problem solving strategies.
Antidote for “Learned Helplessness”
Our classrooms and special education programs are full of students who have not developed metacognitive strategies. They are dependent learners who are not aware of what they need. They rely upon teachers and tutors for constant support. Integrating and infusing LINKS Metacognitive Reading, Writing and Math Strategies into content instruction helps students:
- Learn material more efficiently
- Retain information longer
- Generalize skills
Bringing Metacognition into the Classroom
Despite efficacy studies, Metacognitive strategy instruction is not well practiced in today’s classrooms due to inadequate resources and lack of professional development. EPSI provides both tools and professional development to bring metacognition to the classroom.